The ONE type of exercise that all menopausal women should be doing – according to an expert

-Oct 23, Jenny Paul, Fitness -

Menopausal? If you’re going through perimenopause, or menopause, you may be wondering what type of exercise you should be doing if you want to avoid weight gain but strengthen your muscles.

Numerous studies have found that there’s a link between physical activity and menopause symptoms, with a recent one suggesting that losing weight through diet and exercise could ease hot flushes, which, along with night sweats, is the most common reason that women seek medical help for menopause.

Researchers found that sedentary women, who don’t exercise and spend a lot of their lives sitting down (either because they’re desk bound in office jobs all day, or watching television in the evenings), were 21% more likely to experience hot flushes and they were also 17% more likely to feel sad or depressed.

We asked Jane Dowling, 51, who has been a London-based personal trainer for over twenty years and specialises in training and mentoring menopausal women, what type of exercise women should consider doing as they get older.  

“If you are menopausal and have exercised regularly for years and feel good, keep on doing what you are doing, but make sure you are incorporating resistance exercise especially in the hips, wrists and spine, which are the major site of osteoporosis,” Jane tells Lumity. 

“Basically, if you haven’t exercised for a while, then start moving, build up slowly.”

RELATED: HOW TO FALL IN LOVE WITH EXERCISE AGAIN

Doing lots of HIIT isn’t necessarily the answer to ease menopausal hot flushes 

Cortisol which is often known as the stress hormone, is widely blamed for being responsible for unwanted weight gain during menopause with many experts suggesting that HIIT (high intensity interval training) is the answer to losing weight. The reasoning being that intense bursts of short exercise raise growth promoting hormones like testosterone and HGH, and these hormones work with cortisol to burn fat and build or maintain muscle.

Jane says to be wary of this theory, because cortisol can fluctuate depending on a variety of factors: “Cortisol is released when the body experiences too much physical stress or is not sufficiently recovered from a previous workout,” she explains.

“It is and can be released during every day life.

“However everyone’s baseline levels are different. For one, too much physical stress could be walking up one flight of stairs, while another person would be sprinting up and each individual’s recovery time would be different.

“While cortisol helps promote fat metabolism, yes, exercising for too long can elevate levels of cortisol which uses muscle protein for fuel instead of conserving it to be used to repair damaged tissue. But again what is too long? Everyone is different.”

Regular exercise will help you deal with menopausal stress

Jane underlines that regular exercise will help your body to deal with stress better: “However, regular exercise training will decrease this effect, causing the body to have a better response to stress and require less cortisol release. In layman’s terms, cortisol can be realised on a daily basis, so exercising can help manage it.

“As a hormonal/menopausal woman I can tell you that my cortisol levels can elevate on a daily, or even hourly basis. Everyone is different. Everyone has a different baseline level.

“To decrease cortisol levels my advice is to laugh more and do activities with friends that get you moving and breathless.”

The ONE type of exercise that all menopausal women should be doing

Jane adds that resistance training is crucial for strengthening muscles during menopause to help combat osteoporosis: “Get breathless, do something fun, smile while you are doing it, but you must do some resistance exercise to help with your bones.

“Think of your bones to be like honeycomb inside, the weaker they are the bigger the holes. The stronger they are the smaller the holes. If you DO NOT have osteoporosis then do undertake impact, as long as you do not have any other joint issues, as much as possible. This will keep the top of the legs, hips and the lower spine strong.

Weight training is a must for women of all ages, I really cannot emphasis how important this is. Our bone density starts to deteriorate massively after 35, when we hit the menopause it accelerates at a scary rate.”

Why you don’t have to do gruelling HIIT workouts to combat menopausal symptoms

To summarise: Jane says that regular exercise combats stress, which in turn will help fight hot flushes during menopause, and that considering strength training with weights from the age of 35 onwards is a must to protect your bones from osteoporosis. The great news is that – despite lots of people saying that they’re the answer – you don’t have to throw yourself into gruelling HIIT workouts unless you want to. Jane underlines that so long as you’re laughing with friends and doing regular exercise that gets you out of breath (running, dancing, jumping jacks and skipping for example) then you’re on the right track. 

RELATED: THE EXERCISE TREND THAT WILL FILL YOU WITH JOY

Let’s break the taboo! – if you have questions about menopause, Jane runs a brilliant Facebook group which anyone can join called Ageless Godesses – that you can find here.  She also writes the brilliant blog MenoandMe which is aimed at breaking the taboo surrounding talking about the menopause. And, if you are pushed for time, Jane posts how to videos on her Instagram which cover everything from workout and nutrition tips, general life advice and motivation – all served up with her signature refreshingly honest and humorous take on life. You can follow her here. 

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